Published Date: 2016-11-20 20:39:17
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Russia (10): (VL) bovine, st. Asia 1, resolved, OIE
Archive Number: 20161120.4642801
FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE - RUSSIA (10): (VLADIMIR) BOVINE, SEROTYPE ASIA 1, RESOLVED, OIE
A ProMED-mail post http://www.promedmail.org
ProMED-mail is a program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases http://www.isid.org
Date: Fri 18 Nov 2016
Source: OIE, WAHID weekly disease information [edited]
Foot and mouth disease, Russia
Information received on 18 Nov 2016 from Dr Evgeny Nepoklonov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia
Report type: Follow-up report No. 2 (Final report)
Date of start of the event: 16 Oct 2016
Date of confirmation of the event: 19 Oct 2016
Report date: 18 Nov 2016
Date submitted to OIE: 18 Nov 2016
Date event resolved: 17 Nov 2016
Reason for notification: New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent: Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype: Asia 1
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.
Outbreaks: There are no new outbreaks in this report
Epidemiology: Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection - Unknown or inconclusive
Measures applied: Movement control inside the country
Vaccination in response to the outbreak(s)
Administrative division: Vladimirskaya Oblast
Species / Total Vaccinated [see comment]
Cattle / 18 309
Sheep & goats / 1648 [see comment]
Future Reporting: The event is resolved. No more reports will be submitted.
[The following notification on the same issue, published on 18 Nov 2016, is derived from the official web-site of Rosselkhoznadzor (Russia's Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance).
http://fsvps.ru/fsvps-docs/ru/iac/operative-messages/2016-11-18.pdf [in Russian, machine translated]:
"Epizootic situation: Recent reports on the epidemiological situation in Russia.
Foot and mouth disease: the lifting of quarantine, Vladimir area 1.
The Governor of the Vladimir region has signed a decree to lift the quarantine for FMD in Vyshmanovo village and on restrictive measures on the territory Sobinsk, the area where the outbreak was detected.
[The number of vaccinated animals] is: Cattle - 134 647. Sheep & goats (small ruminants) - 26 277. The cost of the vaccinations is 5.9 million rubles [about 91 000 US dollars]."
The said vaccination figures are different from the ones included in the OIE final report. Explanation will be helpful.
This enigmatic event, which reportedly started on 16 Oct 2016, caused Russia's status of "FMD free zone where vaccination is not practised," as recognised by the OIE World Assembly of Delegates in terms of Resolution No. 16 in May 2016, to be suspended with effect from 20 Oct 2016. The outbreak was accompanied by a huge dairy products recall (about 4000 tons). Among the measures applied were the destruction of 814 cattle, 54 pigs and 11 sheep/goats. These stamping-out and quarantine measures were swiftly applied with the logistic support of the army. There were no additional cases.
On 17 Nov 2016, the Director of the Veterinary Department of the Vladimir regional administration stated: "I doubt the natural route of infection" and raised the suspicion that the FMD Asia 1 event in Vladimir could have been related to "economic sabotage" (http://www.vedom.ru/news/2016/11/17/23194-direktor). It may be assumed that an investigation into the matter has been undertaken by Russia's authorities. Its results, and, in particular, the genotyped profile of the virus strain involved, will be assiduously followed by ProMED-mail and brought to subscribers' knowledge if/when they become available. - Mod.AS
A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at: http://healthmap.org/promed/p/98.]