Published Date: 2017-02-09 20:08:48
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - South Korea (02): (KG) bovine, serotype A, OIE
Archive Number: 20170209.4827914
FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE - SOUTH KOREA (02): (GYEONGGI-DO) BOVINE, SEROTYPE A, OIE
A ProMED-mail post http://www.promedmail.org
ProMED-mail is a program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases http://www.isid.org
Date: Thu 9 Feb 2017
Source: OIE, WAHID weekly disease information 2017; 30(06) [edited] http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review?page_refer=MapFullEventReport&reportid=22778
Foot and mouth disease, Korea (Rep of)
Information received on [and dated] 9 Feb 2017 from Dr Oh Soon-Min, director - chief veterinary officer, General Animal Health Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA), SEJONG-SI, Korea (Rep of)
Report type: Immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 8 Feb 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 9 Feb 2017
Reason for notification: Reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 23 Apr 2016
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: foot and mouth disease virus
Nature of diagnosis: Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.
New outbreaks (1)
Summary of outbreaks
Total outbreaks: 1
Outbreak 1: Yeoncheon-gun, Seongok-li, Gunnam-myeon, Gyeonggi-Do
Date of start of the outbreak: 8 Feb 2017
Outbreak status: continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: farm
Total animals affected:
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Destroyed / Slaughtered
Cattle / 100 / 5 / 0 / 100 / 0
Affected population: Dairy cattle; salivation and vesicles.
Outbreak statistics: [rates apparent, expressed as percentages]
Species / morbidity rate / mortality rate / case fatality rate / Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle / 5 / 0 / 0 / 100
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction, and/or slaughter
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments: The epidemiological surveillance is ongoing.
Measures applied: movement control inside the country, screening, vaccination in response to the outbreak, (s), disinfection/disinfestation, quarantines, surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone, stamping out, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, surveillance within containments and/or protection zone; control of wildlife reservoirs, zoning, no treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied: no other measures
Diagnostic test results:
Laboratory name and type: Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency (OIE Reference Laboratory)
Species / Test / Test date / Result
Cattle / real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) / 9 Feb 2017 / Positive
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map included in the OIE report at the source URL above.
[According to the media, see http://www.reuters.com/article/us-southkorea-footandmouth-idUSKBN15O08P:
"South Korea raised the country's Foot & mouth disease alerts status to the highest level as a 2nd strain of the disease was confirmed 3 days after a 1st outbreak was reported," Seoul's agriculture ministry said [Thu 9 Feb 2017].
The A-type strain of the disease was discovered at a dairy farm in Yeoncheon, less than 50 miles north of the capital, said Kim Kyeong-kyu, deputy minister for food industry policy. Reacting shortly after an outbreak of the O-type strain was confirmed in southeast Korea, the ministry raised the alert status one notch to the maximum.
Since the 1st outbreak was discovered on [Mon 6 Feb 2017], Korea has taken emergency measures including a nationwide vaccination and a movement control order designed to contain the spread of the virus.
The ministry had re-vaccinated all cattle in the country against the O-type virus, and the country's livestock would need to be inoculated again against the A-type strain, Kim said.
Oh Soon-min, a senior agriculture ministry official in charge of animal health, said the ministry was seeking to import more vaccine stocks from manufacturers such as Merial as Korea's inventory of "O+A type" vaccines - which allow livestock to be vaccinated for both strains at the same time - was in short supply.
"We first have to check the company's inventory and we are thinking to bring in as many (supplies) as we can," he added.
Korea regularly inoculates its cattle and hogs against 3 types of foot-and-mouth diseases. It has around 3.14 million cattle and 10 million hogs nationwide.
The agriculture ministry is weighing whether or not to vaccinate hogs again, as cases of infection have so far only been found among cattle, said Park Bong-kyun, commissioner of the Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency".
The following comment by Mod.AS, published recently in posting 20170207.4821122, is applicable here: "Korea's bitter FMD experience in 2010, when a huge number of animals had to be culled, led to practical conclusions; the government decided to undertake extensive measures to prevent a repetition of such event, including enhanced surveillance, improved diagnostic facilities, and general, mass vaccinations. The availability of a potent, tested vaccine is not sufficient; if the vaccination is compulsory, intensified involvement of the State in its implementation is prescribed". - Mod.CRD
A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at: http://healthmap.org/promed/p/195.]