Published Date: 2017-08-30 20:21:52
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - South Africa (02): (LP) bovine, serotype SAT 1, OIE
Archive Number: 20170830.5285518
FOOT & MOUTH DISEASE - SOUTH AFRICA (02): (LIMPOPO) BOVINE, SEROTYPE SAT 1, OIE
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Date: Wed 30 Aug 2017
Source: OIE, WAHID (World Animal Health Information Database), weekly disease information 2017; 30(35) [edited] http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review?page_refer=MapFullEventReport&reportid=24654
Foot-and-mouth disease, South Africa
Information received on [and dated] 30 Aug 2017 from Dr Bothle Michael Modisane, chief director, Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Animal Production and Health, Pretoria, South Africa
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 21 Aug 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 24 Aug 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: April 2016
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: foot-and-mouth disease [FMD] virus
Serotype: SAT 1
Nature of diagnosis: clinical, laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.
New outbreaks (1)
Summary of outbreaks:
Total outbreaks: 1
Outbreak 1 (FMD_LIM_2017_001): FMD_LIM_2017_001, Greater Giyani, Limpopo
Date of start of the outbreak: 21 Aug 2017
Outbreak status: continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: village
Total animals affected
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of / Slaughtered
Cattle / 1010 / 3 / 0 / 0 / 0
Outbreak statistics [rates apparent, expressed as percentages]
Species / Morbidity rate / Mortality rate / Case fatality rate / Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle / 0.3 / 0 / 0 / 0
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction, and/or slaughter
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: Contact with wild species
Epidemiological comments: Outbreak is within South Africa's FMD protection zone, close to the Kruger National Park and does not affect the status of South Africa's FMD free zone. Coordinates have been modified to protect privacy as required by South African legislation.
Measures applied: movement control inside the country; surveillance within containment and/or protection zone; screening; quarantine; vaccination prohibited no treatment of affected animals.
Measures to be applied: vaccination in response to the outbreak(s).
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type / Species / Test / Test date / Result
Agricultural Research Council - Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute (ARC - OVI) (OIE Reference Laboratory) / Cattle / polymerase chain reaction (PCR) / 24 Aug 2017 / Positive
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
[The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map included in the OIE report at the source URL above.]
[According to South Africa's Animal Disease Status report dated 6 Apr 2017, FMD is limited to wildlife in the FMD control area of Kruger National Park and surrounding game reserves. The rest of South Africa is an OIE declared FMD-free zone. http://www.daff.gov.za/vetweb/Epidemiology/SA%20Disease%20Status%206Apr2017%20-%20signed.pdf.
A map of the FMD free zone in South Africa can be seen at http://www.oie.int/fileadmin/Home/eng/Animal_Health_in_the_World/map/A_South%20Africa.jpg (last update May 2015). - Mod.CRD
A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at: http://healthmap.org/promed/p/2947.]