Published Date: 2018-01-08 21:29:06
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Mozambique: (GA) bovine, st. not typed, OIE
Archive Number: 20180108.5545890
FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE - MOZAMBIQUE: (GAZA) BOVINE, SEROTYPE NOT TYPED, OIE
A ProMED-mail post http://www.promedmail.org
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Date: Mon 8 Jan 2018
Source: OIE, WAHID [edited] http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review?page_refer=MapFullEventReport&reportid=25620
Foot and mouth disease, Mozambique
Information received on [and dated] 8 Jan 2018 from Dr Americo Da Conceicao, national director, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Maputo, Mozambique.
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 25 Dec 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 7 Jan 2018
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 14 Jun 2016
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype: not sampled
Nature of diagnosis: clinical
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.
New outbreaks (1)
Summary of outbreaks, total outbreaks: 1
Outbreak 1 (02/FMD/MOZ/2018): Tchale B, Posto Adminstrative Sede, Chicualacuala, Gaza
Date of start of the outbreak: 25 Dec 2017
Outbreak status: continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: village
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of / Slaughtered
Cattle / 2100 / 45 / 0 / 0 / 0
Affected population: Cattle of all ages are affected. Diseased animals showed the following signs and lesions: salivation, lameness, eruptive lesions in the mouth, on the tongue and feet.
Outbreak statistics [rates apparent, expressed as percentages]:
Species / Morbidity rate / Mortality rate / Case fatality rate / Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle / 2.14 / 0 / 0 / 0
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction, and/or slaughter
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments: The affected area is located close to Gonorezoe National Park in Zimbabwe.
Measures applied: movement control inside the country; surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone; surveillance within containment and/or protection zone; traceability; quarantine; process to inactivate the pathogenic agent in products or by-products; vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists); no treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied: vaccination in response to the outbreak(s)
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
[The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map included in the OIE report at the source URL above.]
According to the Mozambique page on the WRLFMD [World Reference Laboratory for Foot-and-Mouth Disease] website at http://www.wrlfmd.org/fmd_genotyping/africa/moz.htm, the following serotypes have been recorded there throughout the years:
FMDV-O: 1974, 1980
FMDV-SAT 1: 1955, 1964-1967, 1971, 1974-1975, 1977-1978, 1981, 2002-2003
FMDV-SAT 2 1951, 1958, 1960, 1964-1965, 1969-1972, 1977-1981, 1983, 2010, 2014-2016
FMDV-SAT 3: 1959
Note: All three SAT types are probably endemic in the African buffalo population.
A map of FMD distribution by serotype and topotype for Southern Africa, 2012-2016, is available in the EUFMD's (European Commission for the Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease) monthly global report for October 2017 (page 26). See report at http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/eufmd/docs/FMD_monthly_reports/2017/October2017.pdf. - Mod.CRD
Gaza, Mozambique: http://healthmap.org/promed/p/14485]