Published Date: 2018-10-12 18:45:46
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Colombia (02): (CE) bovine, porcine, serotype O, OIE
Archive Number: 20181012.6087823
FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE - COLOMBIA (02): (CESAR) BOVINE, PORCINE, SEROTYPE O, OIE
A ProMED-mail post http://www.promedmail.org
ProMED-mail is a program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases http://www.isid.org
Date: Thu 11 Oct 2018
Source: OIE, WAHID [edited]
Foot and mouth disease, Colombia
Information received on 11 Oct 2018 from Dra Deyanira Barrero Leon, gerente general, Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario (ICA), Ministerio de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural, Bogota, Colombia
Accordion content 1
Report type: Immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 10 Aug 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 10 Oct 2018
Reason for notification: Reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 15 Aug 2017
Manifestation of disease: Clinical disease
Causal agent: Foot and mouth disease virus
Nature of diagnosis: Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.
New outbreaks (1)
Summary of outbreaks: total outbreaks: 1
Outbreak 1 (118 228): El Papayo 1, San Diego, San Diego, Cesar
Date of start of the outbreak: 10 Aug 2018
Outbreak status: Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: Farm
Total animals affected:
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of / Slaughtered
Cattle / 216 / 2 / 0 / 0 / 0
Swine / 144 / 35 / 20 / 0 / 0
Affected population: Affected animals are backyard pigs and two 3-year-old cows.
Outbreak statistics (rates apparent, expressed as percentages):
Species / Morbidity rate / Mortality rate / Case fatality rate / Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle / 0.93 / 0 / 0 / 0
Swine / 24.31 / 13.39 / 57.14 / 13.89
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter.
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: Unknown or inconclusive, investigation ongoing
Epidemiological comments: The zone has a high vaccination coverage, and vaccination is in force at the farm. The farm is located in a department that has borders with the Republic of Venezuela. The corresponding epidemiological investigation is ongoing to determine the origin of the outbreak. Focal, perifocal and surveillance zones have been established.
Measures applied: Movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone, surveillance within containment and/or protection zone, traceability, quarantine, disinfection, vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists), no treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied: Vaccination in response to the outbreak(s), official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, stamping out
Diagnostic test results:
Laboratory name and type / Species / Test / Test date / Result
National Veterinary Diagnosis Laboratory (national laboratory) / Swine / Antigen (Ag) detection ELISA / 10 Oct 2018 / Positive
National Veterinary Diagnosis Laboratory (national laboratory) / Swine / Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) / 10 Oct 2018 / Positive
National Veterinary Diagnosis Laboratory (national laboratory) / Swine / Real-time PCR / 10 Oct 2018 / Positive
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
[The location of the outbreaks can be seen on the interactive map included in the OIE report at the source URL above.]
[The department of Cesar is located in northern Colombia, bordering to the north with the department of La Guajira, to the east with the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, to the west with the department of Magdalena, to the southwest with the Department of Bolivar, and to the south with the departments of North Santander and Santander -- covering a total area of 22 905 square km (about 8844 square miles) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cesar_Department.
The department of Cesar is located outside the containment zone as defined by ICA. The information and map of this zone can be found at https://www.ica.gov.co/getattachment/Aftosa/ZONA-DE-CONTENCION-DEL-VIRUS-DE-LA-FIEBRE-AFTOSA.pdf.aspx?lang=es-CO.
The distance between San Diego, Cesar and Sogamoso, Boyaca, where an outbreak of foot and mouth disease virus, serotype O was reported on 1 Oct 2018 (see ProMED posting 20181003.6065836), is about 800 km (500 miles).
The following statement is summarized from an ICA press release reported on 11 Oct 2018:
"According to ICA, the virus from this new outbreak is related to the virus which has been circulating along the border and within the containment zone and reported in 2017 and 2018.
"Maintaining the current containment zone is needed until a detailed analysis of this new situation is made by the international experts from the Pan-American Foot-and-Mouth Disease Center (Panaftosa), and the sanitary measures (cleaning and disinfection, stamping out and sentinel placement) are completed," noted the chief of livestock services.
"Minister Valencia Pinzon informed that as an immediate control measure, emergency vaccination is being conducted, which is part of a second vaccination cycle in the departments of Boyaca and Cesar."
The full report (in Spanish) is available at https://www.ica.gov.co/Noticias/MinAgricultura-pone-en-marcha-plan-de-accion-por-c.aspx. - Mod.CRD
Cesar, Colombia: http://healthmap.org/promed/p/37967]