Published Date: 2018-10-03 05:34:05
Subject: PRO/AH> Foot & mouth disease - Colombia: (BY) bovine, st O, OIE
Archive Number: 20181003.6065836
FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE - COLOMBIA: (BOYACA) BOVINE, SEROTYPE O, OIE
A ProMED-mail post http://www.promedmail.org
ProMED-mail is a program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases http://www.isid.org
Date: Mon 1 Oct 2018
Source: OIE, WAHID [edited]
Foot and mouth disease, Colombia
Information received on 1 Oct 2018 from Dra Deyanira Barrero Leon, gerente general, Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario (ICA), Ministerio de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural, BOGOTA, Colombia
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 17 Sep 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 29 Sep 2018
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: August 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: foot and mouth disease virus
Nature of diagnosis: laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.
New outbreaks (1)
Summary of outbreaks: total outbreaks: 1
Outbreak 1 (118 218): El Cerrito, Segubda Chorrera, Sogamoso, Boyaca
Date of start of the outbreak: 17 Sep 2018
Outbreak status: continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: farm
Total animals affected:
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of / Slaughtered
Cattle / 18 / 1 / 0 / 0 / 0
Affected population: the affected animal is a 5 year old cow.
Outbreak statistics (rates apparent, expressed as percentages):
Species / morbidity rate / mortality rate / case fatality rate / Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle / 6 / 0 / 0 / 0
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter.
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: unknown or inconclusive, investigation ongoing
Epidemiological comments: vaccination is in force in the farm, and the area has high vaccination coverage. The outbreak is within the containment zone, which was recognized by the OIE on [11 Dec 2017]. An epidemiological investigation is being carried out.
Measures applied: movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone, surveillance within containment and/or protection zone, traceability, quarantine, disinfection, vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists), no treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied: official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, stamping out
Diagnostic test results:
Laboratory name and type / Species / Test / Test date / Result
National Veterinary Diagnosis Laboratory (National laboratory) / Cattle / polymerase chain reaction (PCR) / 30 Sep 2018 / Positive
National Veterinary Diagnosis Laboratory (National laboratory) / Cattle / real-time PCR / 29 Sep 2018 / Positive
National Veterinary Diagnosis Laboratory (National laboratory) / Cattle / virus isolation / 29 Sep 2018 / Positive
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
[The location of the outbreaks can be seen on the interactive map included in the OIE report at the source URL above].
[Colombia's animal health authority (ICA) has been prompt to report this case of FMD to the OIE and to all stakeholders and has taken immediate actions to contain the outbreak. The following statement is summarized from an ICA press release reported on 1 Oct 2018.
"As a result of the surveillance and control measures established for those herds located in the containment zone, which include some of the municipalities in the departments of Cundinamarca, Boyaca, Casanare y Arauca, following the 2017 FMD outbreaks, an outbreak was detected in a herd located in the rural zone of Sogamoso, Boyaca. A 3 year old cow in this herd of 18 animals exhibited the following FMD-compatible clinical signs: salivation, lingual epithelial shedding and drooling.
"ICA's National Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory conducted molecular tests (PCR) that were positive, and then conducted virus isolation where they identified FMD serotype O.
"Following genetic sequencing, it was concluded that the virus isolated was related to previous FMD cases which occurred in 2017 within the containment zone. To date (2 Oct 2018), no other case has been detected.
"ICA has issued quarantine [orders] and implemented cleaning, disinfection, and control measures for the affected premises, and will order the depopulation of the infected and contact animals."
The full report is available at https://www.ica.gov.co/Noticias/Gracias-a-las-medidas-de-vigilancia-y-control-se.aspx (link is in Spanish).
Following this immediate notification received from the delegate of Colombia, the OIE withdrew the approval of the containment zone, and the "FMD free zone where vaccination is practised" status of Colombia, which was recognized by the OIE World Assembly of Delegates in Resolution No. 22 during the May 2018 General Session, was suspended effective 17 Sep 2018; http://www.oie.int/en/animal-health-in-the-world/official-disease-status/fmd/suspensionreinstatement-of-status/.
A map of the containment zone is available at https://www.ica.gov.co/Noticias/Pecuaria/El-ICA-definio-la-zona-de-contencion-para-recupera.aspx.
At the following link, you can also find information on FMD activities conducted by ICA in Colombia https://www.ica.gov.co/Aftosa.aspx (link is in Spanish). - Mod.CRD
HealthMap/ProMED map available at:
Boyacá, Boyacá, Colombia: http://healthmap.org/promed/p/52144]