Published Date: 2019-05-10 14:14:21
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Israel (02): (HA) cattle, st pending, OIE, RFI
Archive Number: 20190510.6462227
FOOT & MOUTH DISEASE - ISRAEL (02): (HAIFA) CATTLE, SEROTYPE PENDING, OIE, REQUEST FOR INFORMATION
A ProMED-mail post http://www.promedmail.org
ProMED-mail is a program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases http://www.isid.org
Date: Thu 9 May 2019
Source: OIE, WAHIS (World Animal Health Information System), weekly disease information 2019; 32(19) [edited]
Foot-and-mouth disease, Israel
Information received on [and dated] 9 May 2019 from Dr Tamir Goshen, Acting Director, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Beit Dagan, Israel
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 2 May 2019
Date of confirmation of the event: 9 May 2019
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 17 Mar 2019
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Foot and mouth disease virus
Nature of diagnosis: clinical, laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.
New outbreaks (1)
Summary of outbreaks
Total outbreaks: 1
Outbreak location: Daliyat Al-Karmel_Isifya, Haifa, Haifa
Date of start of the outbreak: 2 May 2019
Outbreak status: Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: not applicable
Total animals affected
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of / Slaughtered
Cattle / 69 / 3 / 0 / 0 / 0
Affected population: free-ranging beef cattle. Mouth lesions. The herd was vaccinated one year ago.
Outbreak statistics [rates apparent, in percentages]
Species / Morbidity rate / Mortality rate / Case fatality rate / Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle / 4.35 / 0 / 0 / 0
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction, and/or slaughter
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: unknown or inconclusive
Measures applied: movement control inside the country; quarantine; zoning; vaccination permitted (if a vaccines exists); no treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied: vaccination in response to the outbreak(s); surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone; surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type / Species / Test / Test date / Result
Kimron Veterinary Institute, FMD Laboratory (national laboratory) / Cattle / reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) / 9 May 2019 / Positive
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted
[The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map at the source URL above.]
[Additional information is required to assess the significance of this event, such as the vaccination history, the age(s) of the affected animals and their husbandry (beef or dairy cattle? kept indoors or grazing?).
Daliyat-el-Karmel/Isfiah is situated on the Carmel mount, less than 10 km (6.2 mi) from Haifa, one of Israel's 3 main cities. In Israeli terms, the location is rather distant from international borders: more than 50 km (31 mi) from Lebanon in the north or Jordan in the east and about 30 km (19 mi) from the Palestinian territory (West Bank). There are several large dairy farms within 10 km radius.
Traditionally, April-May are FMD's peak months in Israel. There is an abundant wild boar population in mount Carmel's wood.
The previous FMD event in Israel started in September 2018 and was declared resolved as of 17 Mar 2019 (final follow-up report dated 4 May 2019).
The event's virus lineage was given as O/ME/Panasia-2; it included 21 outbreaks in northern Israel; see interactive map at http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review/viewsummary?fupser=&dothis=&reportid=27895. Notably, the most recent outbreak of the event (no. 21) involved free ranging cattle in Tamra, about 18 km (11 mi) from the current outbreak; it reportedly started 26 Jan 2019, resolved 17 Mar 2019 (follow-up report no. 7, with map, at http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review?reportid=29414). It would be interesting to check if the current outbreak might, in fact, be related to the previous event (genotyping?). - Mods.CRD/AS
HealthMap/ProMED-mail map of Israel: http://healthmap.org/promed/p/34041]