Published Date: 2020-03-13 09:33:43
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - South Africa: (MP) cattle, st SAT 2, OIE
Archive Number: 20200313.7083240
FOOT & MOUTH DISEASE - SOUTH AFRICA: (MPUMALANGA) CATTLE, SEROTYPE SAT 2, OIE
A ProMED-mail post http://www.promedmail.org
ProMED-mail is a program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases http://www.isid.org
Date: Tue 10 Mar 2020
Source: OIE, WAHIS (World Animal Health Information System), weekly disease information 2020; 33(11) [edited]
Foot-and-mouth disease, South Africa
Information received on [and dated] 10 Mar 2020 from Dr Bothle Michael Modisane, chief director, Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Animal Production and Health, Pretoria, South Africa
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 3 Mar 2020
Date of confirmation of the event: 5 Mar 2020
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 7 Dec 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Foot and mouth disease [FMD] virus
Serotype: SAT 2
Nature of diagnosis: clinical, laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.
New outbreaks (1)
Summary of outbreaks:
Total outbreaks: 1
Outbreak location (FMD_MPU_2020_001), Mpumalanga
Date of start of the outbreak: 3 Mar 2020
Outbreak status: continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: village
Total animals affected
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of / Slaughtered
Cattle / 975 / 6 / 0 / 0 / 0
Outbreak statistics [rates apparent, expressed as percentages]
Species / Morbidity rate / Mortality rate / Case fatality rate / Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle/ 0.62 / 0 / 0 / 0
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction, and/or slaughter
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: Contact with wild species
Epidemiological comments: not the same SAT 2 strain as the Limpopo outbreak. Outbreak in South Africa's FMD protection zone with vaccination. Coordinates modified to protect confidentiality as required by South African legislation.
Measures applied: movement control inside the country; surveillance within containment and/or protection zone; quarantine; zoning; vaccination prohibited; no treatment of affected animals.
Measures to be applied: Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type / Species / Test / Test date / Result
Agricultural Research Council-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute (ARC-OVI), Transboundary Animal Diseases Programme (TADP) (OIE reference laboratory) / Cattle / enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) / 5 Mar 2020 / Positive
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
[The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map included in the OIE report at the source URL above.]
[In addition to this new reported event, South Africa continues to have 3 active events associated. The situation for each of these FMD events is as follows:
1. FMD-Limpopo 1: event started October 2018; 1 outbreak reported in African buffalo. Serotype was not typed. The event still continuing. See event summary and updated map at https://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review/viewsummary?reportid=28323.
2. FMD-Limpopo 2: event started September 2019; 1 outbreak reported in cattle. Serotype FMDV-SAT2. The event still continuing. See event summary and updated map at https://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review/viewsummary?reportid=31666.
3. FMD-Limpopo 3: event started November 2019; 19 outbreaks reported in cattle. Serotype FMDV-SAT2. The event still continuing. See event summary and updated map at https://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review/viewsummary?reportid=32311.
Detailed information on these FMD outbreaks in Limpopo, can be seen at https://www.daff.gov.za/daffweb3/Home/Foot-and-mouth.
All outbreaks of FMD reported from 1 Jan 2018 to date (12 Mar 2020) can be seen on the interactive map at https://tinyurl.com/t97ypmy (click on the section of interest on the map, and zoom in). - Mod.CRD
HealthMap/ProMED-mail map of South Africa: http://healthmap.org/promed/p/7246]