Published Date: 2020-10-13 15:23:35
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Zimbabwe: (MV) cattle, serotype not typed, OIE
Archive Number: 20201013.7858522
FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE - ZIMBABWE: (MASVINGO) CATTLE, SEROTYPE NOT TYPED, OIE
A ProMED-mail post http://www.promedmail.org
ProMED-mail is a program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases http://www.isid.org
Date: Tue 12 Oct 2020
Source: OIE, WAHID (World Animal Health Information Database), weekly disease information 2020; 33(42) [edited]
Foot-and-mouth disease, Zimbabwe
Information received on [and dated] 12 Oct 2020 from Dr. Josphat Nyika, Chief Veterinary Officer, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Lands, Agriculture, water and Rural Resettlement, Harare, Zimbabwe
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 12 Oct 2020
Date of confirmation of the event: 12 Oct 2020
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 28 Dec 2019
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype: not typed
Nature of diagnosis: clinical
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.
New outbreaks (1)
Summary of outbreaks:
Total outbreaks: 1
Outbreak location: Chinyika, Bikita, Masvingo
Date of start of the outbreak: 12 Oct 2020
Outbreak status: continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: village
Total animals affected:
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of / Slaughtered
Cattle / 1852 / 11 / 0 / 0 / 0
Affected population: cattle of varying age groups sharing the same grazing and watering points.
Outbreak statistics [rates apparent, expressed as percentages]
Species / Morbidity rate / Mortality rate / Case fatality rate / Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle / 0.59 / 0 / 0 / 0
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction, and / or slaughter
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: Unknow or inconclusive, contact with wild species.
Epidemiological comments: Investigations are currently underway to determine source and extent of spread of infection.
Measures applied: movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and/or protection zone, quarantine, vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists), no treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied: vaccination in response to the outbreak(s),
surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type / Species / Test / Result
Central Veterinary Laboratory (national laboratory) / Cattle / liquid-phase blocking ELISA / Pending
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
[The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map included in the OIE report at the source URL above.]
[Between August 2018 to September 2019, FMDV SAT 2 was responsible for the 76 outbreaks that occurred in Mashonaland Central and East. The outbreaks were due to contact with infected animals at grazing/watering and illegal movement of animals. These outbreaks involved cattle.
The control measures applied were movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone, surveillance within containment and/or protection zone, quarantine, official destruction of animals products, zoning, ante and post-mortem inspections.
The event was declared as resolved in December 2019, see event summary and map at https://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review/viewsummary?reportid=27084.- Mod CRD
Masvingo Province, Masvingo, Zimbabwe: http://healthmap.org/promed/p/4072]