Published Date: 2022-02-16 17:35:51 GMT
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Malawi: (MC) cattle, st pending, OIE
Archive Number: 20220216.8701495
FOOT & MOUTH DISEASE - MALAWI: (MCHINJI) CATTLE, SEROTYPE PENDING, OIE
Date: Tue 15 Feb 2022
Source: OIE, WAHID (World Animal Health Information Database), weekly disease information 2022 [edited]
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (inf. with), Malawi
Report type: immediate notification
Started: 4 Feb 2022
Confirmed: 15 Feb 2022
Reported: 15 Feb 2022
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence in a zone or a compartment
Causal agent: Foot and mouth disease virus
Nature of diagnosis: clinical, laboratory
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.
Outbreak location: Lifiledi, TA Zulu, Mchinji
Date of start of the outbreak: 4 Feb 2022
Epidemiological unit: village
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of / Slaughtered or killed for commercial use / Vaccinated
Cattle / 17 000 / 107 / 0 / 0 / 0 / 0
Affected population: the animals are herded by herders from different villages to the nearest mountains during this rainy season since the fields from which crop residues are used have been prepared with crops.
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: illegal movement of animals; contact with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering points; unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments: the cattle population in this area graze in communal grazing land and animals meet from different villages and locations. There is also uncontrolled livestock movement within the locality and near the border villages.
Domestic control measures applied: surveillance within containment and/or the protection zone; surveillance outside containment and/or the protection zone; movement control inside the country; screening
Domestic control measures to be applied: vaccination in response to the outbreak(s), quarantine, disinfestation
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type / Species / Test / Test date / Result
Central Veterinary Laboratory, MWI (national laboratory) / cattle / ELISA for the detection of antibodies against non-structural proteins (NSP ELISA) / 15 Feb 2022 / positive
[The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map included in the OIE report at the source URL above.]
[Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in Malawi. The following information is available from the WRLFMD-Pirbright Institute (https://www.wrlfmd.org/southern-africa/malawi).
FMD virus serotype / Years
Untyped / 2015
O / 1957, 1962, 1974-1975, 1982, 1985, 1998
A / 1966-1967, 1973, 1974 (carrier cattle), 1981
SAT1 / 1970-1971, 2000-2001, 2015-2016, 2021
SAT2 / 1959, 1973, 1975, 2003-2004, 2008, 2011, 2019, 2020
SAT3 / 1976
"All 3 SAT serotypes are probably endemic in the African buffalo (_Syncerus caffer_) population."
An outbreak of FMD type SAT1 was previously reported in cattle at Msiyamphanje, Lengwe National Park, Chikwawa, Southern Region on 1 Apr 2021. According to the epidemiological comments, the event was resolved on 5 Aug 2021, as no clinical signs were reported. See the final report at https://wahis.oie.int/#/report-info?reportId=37204. - Mod.CRD
Mchinji, Central Region, Malawi: https://promedmail.org/promed-post?place=8701495,44561]