Published Date: 2021-12-31 11:30:09 GMT
Subject: PRO/AH> Foot & mouth disease - Russia: (OB) cattle, st O, OIE
Archive Number: 20211231.8700591
FOOT & MOUTH DISEASE - RUSSIA: (ORENBURG) CATTLE, SEROTYPE O, OIE
A ProMED-mail post http://www.promedmail.org
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Date: Thu 28 Dec 2021
Source: OIE WAHID (World Animal Health Information Database), weekly disease information 2021 [edited]
Foot and mouth disease virus (infection with), Russia
Report type: immediate notification
Started: 189 Dec 2021
Confirmed: 26 Dec 2021
Reported: 28 Dec 2021
Reason for notification: recurrence
Last occurrence: 31 Mar 2020
Causal agent: foot and mouth disease virus
Nature of diagnosis: clinical, laboratory
This event pertains to a determined zone of the country.
Summary of outbreaks
Total outbreaks (1)
Outbreak location: Karagach, Belyaevskiy rayon, Orenburg
Date of start of the outbreak: 20 Dec 2021
Epidemiological unit: farm
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of / Slaughtered or killed for commercial use / Vaccinated
Swine / 30 / 0 / 0 / 0 / 0 / 0
Sheep/goats (mixed herd) / 600 / 0 / 0 / 0 / 0 / 0
Cattle / 1830 / 2 / 0 / 0 / 0 / 0
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: illegal movement of animals.
Epidemiological comments: the outbreak is located at a distance of 19 km [11.8 mi] from the state border. Most likely, the infectious agent was introduced from a neighboring country.
Control measures at event level
Domestic control measures applied: zoning; surveillance within containment and or the protection zone; screening; quarantine; official disposal of carcasses, by-products, and waste; official destruction of animal products; movement control inside the country; disinfection; control of wildlife reservoirs.
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type: Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGBI "ARRIAH") OIE Reference Laboratory
Species / Outbreaks / Test / Tested from / Result
Cattle / 1 / antigen capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (AC-ELISA) / 27 Dec 2021 / positive
Cattle / 1 / real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) / 27 Dec 2021 / positive
[The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map included in the OIE report at the source URL above.]
["Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a severe, highly contagious viral disease of livestock that has a significant economic impact. The disease affects cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and other cloven-hoofed ruminants. It is a transboundary animal disease (TAD) that deeply affects the production of livestock and disrupting regional and international trade in animals and animal products. The disease is estimated to circulate in 77% of the global livestock population, in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia, as well as in a limited area of South America. Countries that are currently free of FMD without vaccination remain under constant threat of an incursion. 75% of the costs attributed to FMD prevention and control are incurred by low income and lower-middle income countries. Africa and Eurasia are the regions which incur the largest costs, accounting for 50% and 33% of the total costs respectively."
Karagach, Orenburg Oblast, Russia: https://promedmail.org/promed-post?place=8700591,68650]