Published Date: 2022-07-08 22:52:18 BST
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Zimbabwe: (ME) cattle, serotype not typed, WOAH
Archive Number: 20220708.8704311
FOOT & MOUTH DISEASE - ZIMBABWE: (MASHONALAND EAST) CATTLE, SEROTYPE NOT TYPED, WOAH
A ProMED-mail post http://www.promedmail.org
ProMED-mail is a program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases http://www.isid.org
Date: Thu 7 Jul 2022
Source: WOAH-WAHIS (World Animal Health Information System) 2022 [edited]
Foot-and-mouth disease virus, Zimbabwe
Report type: Immediate notification
Started: 30 Jun 2022
Confirmed: 1 Jul 2022
Reported: 7 Jul 2022
Reason for notification: Recurrence
Last occurrence: 28 Dec 2019
Causal agent: Foot-and-mouth disease virus
Subtype: Not typed
Nature of diagnosis: Clinical, laboratory
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.
Outbreak location 1: Ruwari, Marondera, Mashonaland East
Date of start of the outbreak: 30 Jun 2022
Epidemiological unit: Farm
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of / Slaughtered or killed for commercial use / Vaccinated
Cattle / 550 / 36 / 0 / 0 / 0 / 0
Affected population: Cattle belonging to several farmers graze together on one farm and also dip together at the same dip tank. Cattle mostly older than 12 months were affected.
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments: Cattle mix during grazing and dipping, though kraaled [penned] at different households.
Control measures at event level
Domestic control measures applied: Movement control, quarantine, surveillance within the restricted zone, surveillance outside the restricted zone
[The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map included in the WOAH report at the source URL above.]
[In May 2022, 10 outbreaks of FMDV-SAT 2 were reported in cattle on neighboring farms in Guruve and Centenary, Mashonaland Central. According to the epidemiological comments: "All infected districts remain under strict quarantine with weekly livestock inspections in and around the infected areas. Control vaccinations were carried out with 21 992 cattle vaccinated out of [24 472] giving a good vaccination coverage of 89.5%." See Follow-up report 1 from 31 May 2022 at https://wahis.woah.org/#/report-info?reportId=54839.
Zimbabwe belongs to the FAO's Pool 6 - Southern Africa, which includes 8 countries: Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe. The serotypes present are SAT 1, SAT 2 and SAT 3 (O, A only in Angola and north Zambia as spill-over from pool 4; https://www.fao.org/3/cb7379en/cb7379en.pdf). - Mod.CRD
Mashonaland East Province, Mashonaland East, Zimbabwe: https://promedmail.org/promed-post?place=8704311,6141]